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Modeling re-ignition and chuffing in solid rocket motors

Kumar, Anil KR and Lakshmisha, KN (2002) Modeling re-ignition and chuffing in solid rocket motors. In: Symposium (International) on Combustion : Proceedings, 29 (part 2). pp. 2905-2912.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1540-7489(02)80355-8

Abstract

A nonlinear model is developed to numerically simulate dynamic combustion inside a solid rocket motor chamber. Using this model, the phenomena of re-ignition and chuffing are investigated under low-L* conditions. The model consists of two separate submodels (coupled to each other), one for unsteady burning of propellant and the other for unsteady conservation of mass and energy within the chamber. The latter yields instantaneous pressure and temperature within the chamber. The instantaneous burning rate is calculated using a one-dimensional, nonlinear, transient gas-phase model previously developed by the authors. The results presented in this paper show that the model predicts not only the critical L*, but also the various regimes of L*-instabihty. Specifically, the results exhibit (1) amplifying pressure oscillations leading to extinction, and (2) re-ignition after a dormant period following extinction. The re-ignition could be observed only when a radiation heat flux (from the combustion chamber to the propellant surface) was included. Certain high-frequency oscillations, possibly due to intrinsic instability, are observed when the pressure overshoots during re-ignition. At very low values of initial L*, successive cycles of extinction/reignition displaying typical characteristics of chuffing are predicted. Variations of the chuffing frequency and the thickness of propellant burned off during a chuff with L* are found to be qualitatively the same as that reported from experimental observations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Combustion inst.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 09:23
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 09:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39288

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