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Nonlinear dynamics of eucaryotic pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex: Decarboxylation rate, oscillations, and multiplicity

Zeng, An-Ping and Modak, Jayant and Deckwer, Wolf-Dieter (2002) Nonlinear dynamics of eucaryotic pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex: Decarboxylation rate, oscillations, and multiplicity. In: Biotechnology Progress, 18 (6). pp. 1265-1276.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1021/bp02009...

Abstract

Pyruvate conversion to acetyl-CoA by the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) multienzyme complex is known as a key node in affecting the metabolic fluxes of animal cell culture. However, its possible role in causing possible nonlinear dynamic behavior such as oscillations and multiplicity of animal cells has received little attention. In this work, the kinetic and dynamic behavior of PDH of eucaryotic cells has been analyzed by using both in vitro and simplified in vivo models. With the in vitro model the overall reaction rate (v(1)) of PDH is shown to be a nonlinear function of pyruvate concentration, leading to oscillations under certain conditions. All enzyme components affect v, and the nonlinearity of PDH significantly, the protein X and the core enzyme dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase (E2) being mostly predominant. By considering the synthesis rates of pyruvate and PDH components the in vitro model is expanded to emulate in vivo conditions. Analysis using the in vivo model reveals another interesting kinetic feature of the PDH system, namely, multiple steady states. Depending on the pyruvate and enzyme levels or the operation mode, either a steady state with high pyruvate decarboxylation rate or a steady state with significantly lower decarboxylation rate can be achieved under otherwise identical conditions. In general, the more efficient steady state is associated with a lower pyruvate concentration. A possible time delay in the substrate supply and enzyme synthesis can also affect the steady state to be achieved and lead's to oscillations under certain conditions. Overall, the predictions of multiplicity for the PDH system agree qualitatively well with recent experimental observations in animal cell cultures. The model analysis gives some hints for improving pyruavte metabolism in animal cell culture.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2011 06:19
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2013 11:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39307

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