Murugan, Senthil G and Varma, KBR (2002) Pyroelectric, ferroelectric and optical properties of glass nanocomposite: Lithium borate-bismuth tungstate. In: Ferroelectrics, 266 (1). pp. 259-275.
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Glass nanocomposites in the system (1-x)Li2B4O7-xBi(2)WO(6) (0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.35, in molar ratio) were fabricated by splat quenching technique. The as-quenched samples were X-ray amorphous. Differential Thermal Analyses (DTA) confirmed their glassy nature. The composites on heat-treatment at 720 K yielded monophasic crystalline bismuth tungstate in lithium borate glass matrix. The average size and the spherical nature of the dispersed crystallites were assessed via High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). The dielectric constants (epsilon(r)) of both the as-quenched and post heat-treated composites were found to increase with increase in x (bismuth tungstate content) at all the frequencies (100 Hz-40 MHz) in the temperature range 300 K-870 K. While the dielectric loss (D) decreased with increasing x. The pyroelectric coefficients of the as-quenched (consisting 20 nm sized crystallites) and 720 K heat-treated sample (x = 0.3) were determined as a function of temperature (300 K-873 K) and the values obtained at room temperature were 20 and 60 muC/m(2) K respectively. The as-quenched and heat-treated (720 K) glass nanocomposites exhibited ferroelectric (P Vs E) hysteresis loops. The remnant polarization and coercive field of the heat-treated glass nanocomposite at 300 K were respectively 2.597 muC/cm(2) and 543 V/cm. These glass nanocomposites were birefringent in the 300-873 K temperature range.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.|
|Keywords:||Glass Nanocomposites;X-ray Diffraction;Electron Microscopy; Pyroelectricity;Ferroelectricity;Birefringence|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre|
|Date Deposited:||03 Aug 2011 13:06|
|Last Modified:||03 Aug 2011 13:06|
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