Raichur, AM and Panvekar, V (2002) Removal of As(V) by adsorption onto mixed rare earth oxides. In: Separation Science and Technology, 37 (5). pp. 1095-1108.Full text not available from this repository.
Arsenic pollution of water is a major problem faced worldwide. Arsenic is a suspected carcinogen in human beings and is harmful to other living beings. In the present study, a novel adsorbent was used to remove arsenate [As(V)] from synthetic solutions. The adsorbent, which is a mixture of rare earth oxides, was found to adsorb As(V) rapidly and effectively. The effect of various parameters such as contact time, initial concentration, pH, and adsorbent dose on adsorption efficiency was investigated. More than 90% of the adsorption occurred within the first 10 min and the kinetic rate constant was found to be about 3.5 mg min(-1). Adsorption efficiency was found to be dependent on the initial As(V) concentration, and the adsorption behavior followed the Langmuir adsorption model. The optimum pH was found to be 6.5. The presence of other ions such as nitrate, phosphate, sulphate, and silicate decreased the adsorption of As(V) by about 20-30%. The adsorbed As(V) could be desorbed easily by washing the adsorbent with pH 12 solution. This study demonstrates the applicability of naturally occurring rare earth oxides as selective adsorbents for As(V) from solutions.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.|
|Keywords:||Arsenic;Adsorption; Rare earth oxide;Anion;Desorption|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)|
|Date Deposited:||28 Jul 2011 09:48|
|Last Modified:||28 Jul 2011 09:48|
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