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Effect of solvent on the ultrasonic degradation of poly(vinyl acetate)

Madras, Giridhar and Chattopadhyay, Sujay (2001) Effect of solvent on the ultrasonic degradation of poly(vinyl acetate). In: Polymer Degradation and Stability, 71 (2). pp. 273-278.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0141-3910(00)00174-9

Abstract

The ultrasonic degradation of poly(vinyl acetate) was carried out in six different solvents and two mixtures of solvents. The evolution of molecular weight distribution (MWD) with time was determined with gel permeation chromatography. The observed MWDs were analyzed by continuous distribution kinetics. A stoichiometric kernel that accounts for preferential mid-point breakage of the polymer chains was used. The degradation rate coefficient of the polymer in each solvent was determined from the model. The variations of rate coefficients were correlated with vapor pressure of the solvent, the Flory–Huggins polymer–solvent interaction parameter and the kinematic viscosity of the solution. A lower saturation vapor pressure resulted in higher degradation rates of the polymer. The degradation rate increased with increasing kinematic viscosity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Ultrasound;Degradation;Poly(vinyl acetate);Solvent e�ect; Continuous distribution kinetics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2011 06:46
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2011 06:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39537

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