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Vertical thermal structure of the atmosphere during active and weak phases of convection over the north Bay of Bengal: Observation and model results

Bhat, GS and Chakraborty, A and Nanjundiah, RS and Srinivasan, J (2002) Vertical thermal structure of the atmosphere during active and weak phases of convection over the north Bay of Bengal: Observation and model results. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 83 (3). pp. 296-302.

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Abstract

Owing to the lack of atmospheric vertical profile data with sufficient accuracy and vertical resolution, the response of the deep atmosphere to passage of monsoon systems over the Bay of Bengal. had not been satisfactorily elucidated. Under the Indian Climate Research Programme, a special observational programme called 'Bay of Bengal Monsoon Experiment' (BOBMEX), was conducted during July-August 1999. The present study is based on the high-resolution radiosondes launched during BOBMEX in the north Bay. Clear changes in the vertical thermal structure of the atmosphere between active and weak phases of convection have been observed. The atmosphere cooled below 6 km height and became warmer between 6 and 13 km height. The warmest layer was located between 8 and 10 km height, and the coldest layer was found just below 5 km height. The largest fluctuations in the humidity field occurred in the mid-troposphere. The observed changes between active and weak phases of convection are compared with the results from an atmospheric general circulation model, which is similar to that used at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, New Delhi. The model is not able to capture realistically some important features of the temperature and humidity profiles in the lower troposphere and in the boundary layer during the active and weak spells.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2011 08:27
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2011 08:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39654

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