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Anthropogenic aerosol fraction over Afro-Asian regions inferred using Kalpana-I and MISR data

Srivastava, N and Satheesh, SK and Dutt, CBS and Jagannath, KS (2011) Anthropogenic aerosol fraction over Afro-Asian regions inferred using Kalpana-I and MISR data. In: Remote Sensing Letters , 2 (1). pp. 1-9.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0143116...

Abstract

Mineral dust constitutes the single largest contributor of natural aerosols over continents. The first step towards separating natural aerosol radiative impact from its anthropogenic counterparts over continents is to gather information on dust aerosols. The infrared (IR) radiance (10.5-12.5 mu m) acquired from the Kalpana-I satellite (similar to 8-km resolution) was used to retrieve regional characteristics of dust aerosols over the Afro-Asian region during the winter of 2004, coinciding with a national aerosol campaign. Here, we used aerosol-induced IR radiance depression as an index of dust load. The regional distribution of dust over various arid and semi-arid regions of India and adjacent continents has been estimated, and these data in conjunction with regional maps of column aerosol optical depth (AOD) are used to infer anthropogenic aerosol fraction. Surprisingly, even over desert locations in India and Saudi Arabia, the anthropogenic fraction was relatively high (similar to 0.3 to 0.4) and the regionally averaged anthropogenic fraction over India was 0.62 +/- 0.06.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Earth and Environmental Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 11:07
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2011 11:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39750

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