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Characterization of microstructure in laser-surface-alloyed layers of aluminum on nickel

Bysakh, S and Mitra, SK and Phanikumar, G and Mazumder, J and Dutta, P and Chattopadhyay, K (2003) Characterization of microstructure in laser-surface-alloyed layers of aluminum on nickel. In: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 34A (11). pp. 2621-2631.

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Abstract

In order to obtain basic understanding of microstructure evolution in laser-surface-alloyed layers, aluminum was surface alloyed on a pure nickel substrate using a CO2 laser. By varying the laser scanning speed, the composition of the surface layers can be systematically varied. The Ni content in the layer increases with increase in scanning speed. Detailed cross-sectional transmission electron microscopic study reveals complexities in solidification behavior with increased nickel content. It is shown that ordered B2 phase forms over a wide range of composition with subsequent precipitation of Ni2Al, an ordered omega phase in the B2 matrix, during solid-state cooling. For nickel-rich alloys associated with higher laser scan speed, the fcc gamma phase is invariably the first phase to grow from the liquid with solute trapping. The phase reorders in the solid state to yield gamma' Ni3Al. The phase competes with beta AlNi, which forms massively from the liquid. The beta AlNi transforms martensitically to a 3R structure during cooling in solid state. The results can be rationalized in terms of a metastable phase diagram proposed earlier. However, the results are at variance with earlier studies of laser processing of nickel-rich alloys.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2011 07:50
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2011 07:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39770

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