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Structure of a mutant T=1 capsid of Sesbania mosaic virus: role of water molecules in capsid architecture and integrity

Sangita, V and Satheshkumar, PS and Savithri, HS and Murthy, MRN (2005) Structure of a mutant T=1 capsid of Sesbania mosaic virus: role of water molecules in capsid architecture and integrity. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, 61 (Part 1). pp. 1406-1412.

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Abstract

Deletion of the N-terminal 31 amino acids from the coat protein (CP) of Sesbania mosaic virus (SeMV) results in the formation of T=1 capsids.The X-ray crystal structure of CP-N \Delta 31 mutant capsids reveals that the CP adopts a conformation similar to those of other T=1 mutants. The 40 N-terminal residues are disordered in CP-N Delta 31.The intersubunit hydrogen bonds closely resemble those of the native capsid. The role of water molecules in the SeMV structure has been analyzed for the first time using the present structure. As many as 139 of the 173 waters per subunit make direct contacts with the protein atoms. The water molecules form a robust scaf fold around the capsid,stabilize the loops and provide integrity to the subunit. These waters constitute a network connecting diametrically opposite ends of the subunit. Such waters might act as nodes for conveying signals for assembly or disassembly across a large conformational space. Many water-mediated interactions are observed at various interfaces. The twofold interface, which has the smallest number of protein-protein contacts, is primarily held by water-mediated interactions. The present structure illuminates the role of water molecules in the structure and stability of the capsid and points out their possible significance in assembly.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Blackwell Publishing.
Keywords: coat proteins;Sesbania mosaic virus
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/3979

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