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Carbothermal reduction and nitridation reaction of SiOx and preoxidized SiOx: Formation of α-Si3N4 fibers

Ramesh, PD and Rao, KJ (1994) Carbothermal reduction and nitridation reaction of SiOx and preoxidized SiOx: Formation of α-Si3N4 fibers. In: Journal of Materials Research, 9 (9). pp. 2330-2340.

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Abstract

The chemical composition of amorphous SiOx has been analyzed by oxidation studies and is found to be SiO1.7. SiO1.7 appears to be a monophasic amorphous material on the basis of 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance, high resolution electron microscopy, and comparative behavior of a physical mixture of Si and SiO2. Carbothermal reduction and nitridation reactions have been carried out on amorphous SiO1.7 and on amorphous SiO2 obtained from oxidation of SiO1.7. At 1623 K reactions of SiO1.7 lead exclusively to the formation of Si2N2O, while those of SiO2 lead exclusively to the formation of Si3N4. Formation of copious fibers of α-Si3N4 was observed in the latter reaction. It is suggested that the partial pressure of SiO in equilibrium with reduced SiO1.7 and SiO2 during the reaction is the crucial factor that determines the chemistry of the products. The differences in the structures of SiO2 and SiO1.7 have been considered to be the origin of the differences in the SiO partial pressures of the reduction products formed prior to nitridation. The effect of the ratios, C:SiO1.7 and C:SiO2, in the reaction mixture as well as the effect of the temperature on the course of the reactions have also been investigated.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2011 06:32
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2011 06:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39798

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