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Beta-Hairpins Generated from Hybrid Peptide Sequences Containing both Alpha- and Beta-Amino Acids

Hosahudya, Gopi N and Roy, Rituparna S and Raghothama, Srinivasa R and Karle, Isabella L (2002) Beta-Hairpins Generated from Hybrid Peptide Sequences Containing both Alpha- and Beta-Amino Acids. In: Helvetica Chimica Acta, 85 (10). pp. 3313-3330.

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Abstract

The incorporation of the -amino acid residues into specific positions in the strands and -turn segments of peptide hairpins is being systematically explored. The presence of an additional torsion variable about the C()C() bond () enhances the conformational repertoire in -residues. The conformational analysis of three designed peptide hairpins composed of /-hybrid segments is described: Boc-Leu-Val-Val-DPro-Phe- Leu-Val-Val-OMe (1), Boc-Leu-Val-Val-DPro-Gly-Leu-Val-Val-OMe (2), and Boc-Leu-Val-Phe-Val-DPro- Gly-Leu-Phe-Val-Val-OMe (3). 500-MHz 1H-NMR Analysis supports a preponderance of -hairpin conformation in solution for all three peptides, with critical cross-strand NOEs providing evidence for the proposed structures. The crystal structure of peptide 2 reveals a -hairpin conformation with two -residues occupying facing, non-H-bonded positions in antiparallel -strands. Notably, Val(3 ) adopts a gauche conformation about the C()C() bond (65) without disturbing cross-strand H-bonding. The crystal structure of 2, together with previously published crystal structures of peptides 3 and Boc-Phe-Phe-DPro-Gly- Phe-Phe-OMe, provide an opportunity to visualize the packing of peptide sheets with local −polar segments× formed as a consequence of reversal peptide-bond orientation. The available structural evidence for hairpins suggests that -residues can be accommodated into nucleating turn segments and into both the H-bonding and non-H-bonding positions on the strands.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Neue Schweizerische Chemische Gesellschaft, Switzerland
Keywords: hybrid peptide sequence;alpha amino acid;beta amino acid
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Sophisticated Instruments Facility
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/400

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