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Contextual Encoding in Uniform and Adaptive Mesh-Based Lossless Compression of MR Images

Srikanth, R and Ramakrishnan, AG (2005) Contextual Encoding in Uniform and Adaptive Mesh-Based Lossless Compression of MR Images. In: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 24 (9). 1199 -1206.

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Abstract

We propose and evaluate a number of novel improvements to the mesh-based coding scheme for 3-D brain magnetic resonance images. This includes: 1) elimination of the clinically irrelevant background leading to meshing of only the brain part of the image; 2) content-based (adaptive) mesh generation using spatial edges and optical flow between two consecutive slices; 3) a simple solution for the aperture problem at the edges, where an accurate estimation of motion vectors is not possible; and 4) context-based entropy coding of the residues after motion compensation using affine transformations. We address only lossless coding of the images, and compare the performance of uniform and adaptive mesh-based schemes. The bit rates achieved (about 2 bits per voxel) by these schemes are comparable to those of the state-of-the-art three-dimensional (3-D) wavelet-based schemes. The mesh-based schemes have been shown to be effective for the compression of 3-D brain computed tomography data also. Adaptive mesh-based schemes perform marginally better than the uniform mesh-based methods, at the expense of increased complexity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: ©1990 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: 3-D coding;Content-based mesh;Context-based modeling;Medical image coding;Volumetric image compression
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/4010

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