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Synthesis, biological studies of linear and branched arabinofuranoside-containing glycolipids and their interaction with surfactant protein A

Naresh, Kottari and Bharati, Binod Kumar and Avaji, Prakash Gouda and Chatterji, Dipankar and Jayaraman, Narayanaswamy (2011) Synthesis, biological studies of linear and branched arabinofuranoside-containing glycolipids and their interaction with surfactant protein A. In: Glycobiology, 21 (9). pp. 1237-1254.

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Official URL: http://glycob.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/9/1237

Abstract

Oligoarabinofuranoside-containing glycolipids relevant to mycobacterial cell wall components were synthesized in order to understand the functional roles of such glycolipids. A series of linear tetra-, hexa-, octa-and a branched heptasaccharide oligoarabinofuranosides, with 1 -> 2 and 1 -> 5 a-linkages between the furanoside residues, were synthesized by chemical methods from readily available monomer building blocks. Upon the synthesis of glycolipids, constituted with a double alkyl chain-substituted sn-glycerol core and oligosaccharide fragments, biological studies were performed to identify the effect of synthetic glycolipids on the biofilm formation and sliding motilities of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Synthetic glycolipids and arabinofuranosides displayed an inhibitory effect on the growth profile, but mostly on the biofilm formation and maturation. Similarly, synthetic compounds also influenced the sliding motility of the bacteria. Further, biophysical studies were undertaken, so as to identify the interactions of the glycolipids with a pulmonary surfactant protein, namely surfactant protein A (SP-A), with the aid of the surface plasmon resonance technique. Specificities of each glycolipid interacting with SP-A were thus evaluated. From this study, glycolipids were found to exhibit higher apparent association constants than the corresponding oligosaccharide portion alone, without the double alkyl group-substituted glycerol core.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.
Keywords: biofilm formation;glycolipids;sliding motility;surface plasmon resonance;surfactant protein
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2011 05:27
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2011 05:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/40328

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