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Regionalization of precipitation in data sparse areas using large scale atmospheric variables - A fuzzy clustering approach

Satyanarayana, P and Srinivas, VV (2011) Regionalization of precipitation in data sparse areas using large scale atmospheric variables - A fuzzy clustering approach. In: Journal of Hydrology, 405 (3-4). pp. 462-473.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.05.044

Abstract

Delineation of homogeneous precipitation regions (regionalization) is necessary for investigating frequency and spatial distribution of meteorological droughts. The conventional methods of regionalization use statistics of precipitation as attributes to establish homogeneous regions. Therefore they cannot be used to form regions in ungauged areas, and they may not be useful to form meaningful regions in areas having sparse rain gauge density. Further, validation of the regions for homogeneity in precipitation is not possible, since the use of the precipitation statistics to form regions and subsequently to test the regional homogeneity is not appropriate. To alleviate this problem, an approach based on fuzzy cluster analysis is presented. It allows delineation of homogeneous precipitation regions in data sparse areas using large scale atmospheric variables (LSAV), which influence precipitation in the study area, as attributes. The LSAV, location parameters (latitude, longitude and altitude) and seasonality of precipitation are suggested as features for regionalization. The approach allows independent validation of the identified regions for homogeneity using statistics computed from the observed precipitation. Further it has the ability to form regions even in ungauged areas, owing to the use of attributes that can be reliably estimated even when no at-site precipitation data are available. The approach was applied to delineate homogeneous annual rainfall regions in India, and its effectiveness is illustrated by comparing the results with those obtained using rainfall statistics, regionalization based on hard cluster analysis, and meteorological sub-divisions in India. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science B.V.
Keywords: Regionalization;L-moments;Fuzzy cluster analysis; Precipitation;Hydrometeorology;Homogeneous precipitation regions
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2011 10:53
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2011 10:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/40449

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