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Modeling of nonreacting and reacting turbulent spray jets using a fully stochastic separated flow approach

De, Santanu and Lakshmisha, KN and Bilger, Robert W (2011) Modeling of nonreacting and reacting turbulent spray jets using a fully stochastic separated flow approach. In: Combustion and Flame, 158 (10). pp. 1992-2008.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2011.03.0...

Abstract

Numerical modeling of several turbulent nonreacting and reacting spray jets is carried out using a fully stochastic separated flow (FSSF) approach. As is widely used, the carrier-phase is considered in an Eulerian framework, while the dispersed phase is tracked in a Lagrangian framework following the stochastic separated flow (SSF) model. Various interactions between the two phases are taken into account by means of two-way coupling. Spray evaporation is described using a thermal model with an infinite conductivity in the liquid phase. The gas-phase turbulence terms are closed using the k-epsilon model. A novel mixture fraction based approach is used to stochastically model the fluctuating temperature and composition in the gas phase and these are then used to refine the estimates of the heat and mass transfer rates between the droplets and the surrounding gas-phase. In classical SSF (CSSF) methods, stochastic fluctuations of only the gas-phase velocity are modeled. Successful implementation of the FSSF approach to turbulent nonreacting and reacting spray jets is demonstrated. Results are compared against experimental measurements as well as with predictions using the CSSF approach for both nonreacting and reacting spray jets. The FSSF approach shows little difference from the CSSF predictions for nonreacting spray jets but differences are significant for reacting spray jets. In general, the FSSF approach gives good predictions of the flame length and structure but further improvements in modeling may be needed to improve the accuracy of some details of the Predictions. (C) 2011 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Spray;Turbulence;Combustion;Mixture fraction;Dispersion
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2011 08:31
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2011 08:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/40541

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