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CUSUM Based Distributed Detection in WSNs

Nadgir, Mandar and Premkumar, K and Kumar, Anurag and Kuri, Joy (2008) CUSUM Based Distributed Detection in WSNs. In: Proceedings.Managing Complexity in Distributed Systems (MCDES).

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Abstract

We are concerned with the situation in which a wireless sensor network is deployed in a region, for the purpose of detecting an event occurring at a random time and at a random location. The sensor nodes periodically sample their environment (e.g., for acoustic energy),process the observations (in our case, using a CUSUM-based algorithm) and send a local decision (which is binary in nature) to the fusion centre. The fusion centre collects these local decisions and uses a fusion rule to process the sensors’ local decisions and infer the state of nature, i.e., if an event has occurred or not. Our main contribution is in analyzing two local detection rules in combination with a simple fusion rule. The local detection algorithms are based on the nonparametric CUSUMprocedure from sequential statistics. We also propose two ways to operate the local detectors after an alarm. These alternatives when combined in various ways yield several approaches. Our contribution is to provide analytical techniques to calculate false alarm measures, by the use of which the local detector thresholds can be set. Simulation results are provided to evaluate the accuracy of our analysis. As an illustration we provide a design example. We also use simulations to compare the detection delays incurred in these algorithms.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: event detection in wireless sensor networks;distributed detection of a change in distribution;nonparametric CUSUM techniq
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2011 06:42
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2011 06:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/40609

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