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Spatial Data Mining and Modeling for visualisation of Rapid Urbanisation

Kumar, Uttam and Mukhopadhyay, C and Ramachandra, TV (2009) Spatial Data Mining and Modeling for visualisation of Rapid Urbanisation. In: Symbiosis Centre for Information Technology SCIT Journal, 9 .

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Abstract

Rapid urbanisation in India has posed serious challenges to the decision makers in regional planning involving plethora of issues including provision of basic amenities (like electricity, water, sanitation, transport, etc.). Urban planning entails an understanding of landscape and urban dynamics with causal factors. Identifying, delineating and mapping landscapes on temporal scale provide an opportunity to monitor the changes, which is important for natural resource management and sustainable planning activities. Multi-source, multi-sensor, multi-temporal, multi-frequency or multi-polarization remote sensing data with efficient classification algorithms and pattern recognition techniques aid in capturing these dynamics. This paper analyses the landscape dynamics of Greater Bangalore by: (i) characterisation of direct impervious surface, (ii) computation of forest fragmentation indices and (iii) modeling to quantify and categorise urban changes. Linear unmixing is used for solving the mixed pixel problem of coarse resolution super spectral MODIS data for impervious surface characterisation. Fragmentation indices were used to classify forests – interior, perforated, edge, transitional, patch and undetermined. Based on this, urban growth model was developed to determine the type of urban growth – Infill, Expansion and Outlying growth. This helped in visualising urban growth poles and consequence of earlier policy decisions that can help in evolving strategies for effective land use policies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Landscape;orthogonal subspace projection;forest fragmentation;urban growth model
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2011 07:27
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2011 07:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/41319

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