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Compiler Assisted Leakage Energy Optimization for Clustered VLIW Architectures

Nagpal, Rahul and Srikant, YN (2006) Compiler Assisted Leakage Energy Optimization for Clustered VLIW Architectures. In: EMSOFT '06 Proceedings of the 6th ACM & IEEE International conference on Embedded software, 2006, New York, NY.

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Official URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1176921

Abstract

Miniaturization of devices and the ensuing decrease in the threshold voltage has led to a substantial increase in the leakage component of the total processor energy consumption. Relatively simpler issue logic and the presence of a large number of function units in the VLIW and the clustered VLIW architectures attribute a large fraction of this leakage energy consumption in the functional units. However, functional units are not fully utilized in the VLIW architectures because of the inherent variations in the ILP of the programs. This underutilization is even more pronounced in the context of clustered VLIW architectures because of the contentions for the limited number of slow intercluster communication channels which lead to many short idle cycles.In the past, some architectural schemes have been proposed to obtain leakage energy bene .ts by aggressively exploiting the idleness of functional units. However, presence of many short idle cycles cause frequent transitions from the active mode to the sleep mode and vice-versa and adversely a ffects the energy benefits of a purely hardware based scheme. In this paper, we propose and evaluate a compiler instruction scheduling algorithm that assist such a hardware based scheme in the context of VLIW and clustered VLIW architectures. The proposed scheme exploits the scheduling slacks of instructions to orchestrate the functional unit mapping with the objective of reducing the number of transitions in functional units thereby keeping them off for a longer duration. The proposed compiler-assisted scheme obtains a further 12% reduction of energy consumption of functional units with negligible performance degradation over a hardware-only scheme for a VLIW architecture. The benefits are 15% and 17% in the context of a 2-clustered and a 4-clustered VLIW architecture respectively. Our test bed uses the Trimaran compiler infrastructure.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to ACM Press.
Keywords: Scheduling;Clustered VLIW Processors;Leakage Energy;Energy- Aware Scheduling
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation (Formerly, School of Automation)
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 05:26
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2011 05:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/41980

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