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Electrocatalysis and redox behavior of Pt(2+) ion in CeO(2) and Ce(0.85)Ti(0.15)O(2): XPS evidence of participation of lattice oxygen for high activity

Sharma, Sudhanshu and Singh, Preetam and Hegde, MS (2011) Electrocatalysis and redox behavior of Pt(2+) ion in CeO(2) and Ce(0.85)Ti(0.15)O(2): XPS evidence of participation of lattice oxygen for high activity. In: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 15 (10). pp. 2185-2197.

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Abstract

Electronic states of CeO(2), Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x) Pt (x) O(2 -aEuro parts per thousand delta) , and Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x -aEuro parts per thousand y) Ti (y) Pt (x) O(2 -aEuro parts per thousand delta) electrodes have been investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy as a function of applied potential for oxygen evolution and formic acid and methanol oxidation. Ionically dispersed platinum in Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x) Pt (x) O(2 -aEuro parts per thousand delta) and Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x -aEuro parts per thousand y) Ti (y) Pt (x) O(2 -aEuro parts per thousand delta) is active toward these reactions compared with CeO(2) alone. Higher electrocatalytic activity of Pt(2+) ions in CeO(2) and Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x) Ti (x) O(2) compared with the same amount of Pt(0) in Pt/C is attributed to Pt(2+) ion interaction with CeO(2) and Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x) Ti (x) O(2) to activate the lattice oxygen of the support oxide. Utilization of this activated lattice oxygen has been demonstrated in terms of high oxygen evolution in acid medium with these catalysts. Further, ionic platinum in CeO(2) and Ce(1 -aEuro parts per thousand x) Ti (x) O(2) does not suffer from CO poisoning effect unlike Pt(0) in Pt/C due to participation of activated lattice oxygen which oxidizes the intermediate CO to CO(2). Hence, higher activity is observed toward formic acid and methanol oxidation compared with same amount of Pt metal in Pt/C.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Electrocatalysis;Methanol;Formic acidOxidation; Electrooxidation;Lattice oxygen;Oxygen activation
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2011 09:18
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2011 09:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42082

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