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Optimal location of centre of gravity for swashplateless helicopter UAV and MAV

Ganguli, Ranjan and Jehnert, Beatrix and Wolfram, Jens and Voersmann, Peter (2007) Optimal location of centre of gravity for swashplateless helicopter UAV and MAV. In: Heli-Japan AHS International Technical Meeting on Advanced Rotorcraft Technology and Life Saving Activity, January 2007, Nagoya, Japan.

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Abstract

To investigate the use of centre of gravity location on reducing cyclic pitch control for helicopter UAV's (unmanned air vehicles) and MAV's (micro air vehicles). Low cyclic pitch is a necessity to implement the swashplateless rotor concept using trailing edge flaps or active twist using current generation low authority piezoceramic actuators. Design/methodology/approach – An aeroelastic analysis of the helicopter rotor with elastic blades is used to perform parametric and sensitivity studies of the effects of longitudinal and lateral center of gravity (cg) movements on the main rotor cyclic pitch. An optimization approach is then used to find cg locations which reduce the cyclic pitch at a given forward speed. Findings – It is found that the longitudinal cyclic pitch and lateral cyclic pitch can be driven to zero at a given forward speed by shifting the cg forward and to the port side, respectively. There also exist pairs of numbers for the longitudinal and lateral cg locations which drive both the cyclic pitch components to zero at a given forward speed. Based on these results, a compromise optimal cg location is obtained such that the cyclic pitch is bounded within ±5° for a BO105 helicopter rotor. Originality/value – The reduction in the cyclic pitch due to helicopter cg location is found to significantly reduce the maximum magnitudes of the control angles in flight, facilitating the swashplateless rotor concept. In addition, the existence of cg locations which drive the cyclic pitches to zero allows for the use of active cg movement as a way to replace the cyclic pitch control for helicopter MAV's.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology.
Keywords: Helicopters;Flight dynamics;Optimization techniques;Centre of gravity
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2011 10:29
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2011 10:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42207

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