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Support Vector Machine Approach to Downscale Precipitation in Climate Change Scenarios

Tripathi, Shivam and Srinivas, VV and Nanjundiah, Ravi S (2006) Support Vector Machine Approach to Downscale Precipitation in Climate Change Scenarios. In: Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2006, May 21-25 2006, Omaha, Nebraska, USA..

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Official URL: http://ascelibrary.org/proceedings/resource/2/asce...

Abstract

Concern over changes in global climate has increased in recent years with improvement in understanding of atmospheric dynamics and growth in evidence of climate link to long‐term variability in hydrologic records. Climate impact studies rely on climate change information at fine spatial resolution. Towards this, the past decade has witnessed significant progress in development of downscaling models to cascade the climate information provided by General Circulation Models (GCMs) at coarse spatial resolution to the scale relevant for hydrologic studies. While a plethora of downscaling models have been applied successfully to mid‐latitude regions, a few studies are available on tropical regions where the atmosphere is known to have more complex behavior. In this paper, a support vector machine (SVM) approach is proposed for statistical downscaling to interpret climate change signals provided by GCMs over tropical regions of India. Climate variables affecting spatio‐temporal variation of precipitation at each meteorological sub‐division of India are identified. Following this, cluster analysis is applied on climate data to identify the wet and dry seasons in each year. The data pertaining to climate variables and precipitation of each meteorological sub‐division is then used to develop SVM based downscaling model for each season. Subsequently, the SVM based downscaling model is applied to future climate predictions from the second generation Coupled Global Climate Model (CGCM2) to assess the impact of climate change on hydrological inputs to the meteorological sub‐divisions. The results obtained from the SVM downscaling model are then analyzed to assess the impact of climate change on precipitation over India.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Keywords: Precipitation;Climatology;Vector analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2011 10:18
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 10:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42240

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