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Enhanced Survival of Probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus by Encapsulation with Nanostructured Polyelectrolyte Layers through Layer-by-Layer Approach

Priya, Angel J and Vijayalakshmi, SP and Raichui, Ashok M (2011) Enhanced Survival of Probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus by Encapsulation with Nanostructured Polyelectrolyte Layers through Layer-by-Layer Approach. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (21). pp. 11838-11845.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf203378s

Abstract

The encapsulation of probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus through layer-by-layer self-assembly of polyelectrolytes (PE) chitosan (CHI) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) has been investigated,to enhance its survival m adverse conditions encountered in the GI tract The survival of encapsulated cells in simulated gastric (SGF) and intestinal fluids (SIF) is significant when compared to nonencapsulated cells On sequential exposure to SGF and SIF fox 120 nun, almost complete death of free cells is observed However, for cells coated with three nanolayers of PEs (CHI/CMC/CHI) about 33 log % of the cells (6 log cfu/500 mg) survived under the same conditions The enhanced survival rate of encapsulated L acidophilus can be attributed to the impermeability of polyelectrolyte nanolayers to large enzyme molecules like pepsin, and pancreatin that cause proteolysis and to the stability of the polyelectrolyte nanolayers in gastric and intestinal pH The PE coating also serves to reduce viability losses during freezing and freeze- drying About 73 and 92 log % of uncoated and coated cells survived after freeze:drying, and the losses occurring between freezing and freeze-drying were found to be lower for coated cells

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: probiotics;layer-by-layer;encapsulation;survival; polyelectrolytes
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2011 10:37
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2011 10:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42403

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