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Control of Molecular Weight and Polydispersity of Hyperbranched Polymers Using a Reactive B(3) Core: A Single-Step Route to Orthogonally Functionalizable Hyperbranched Polymers

Roy, Raj Kumar and Ramakrishnan, S (2011) Control of Molecular Weight and Polydispersity of Hyperbranched Polymers Using a Reactive B(3) Core: A Single-Step Route to Orthogonally Functionalizable Hyperbranched Polymers. In: Macromolecules, 44 (21). pp. 8398-8406.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma201817a

Abstract

Molecular weight and polydispersity are two structural features of hyperbranched polymers that are difficult to control because of the statistical nature of the step-growth polycondensation of AB(2) type monomers; the statistical growth also causes the polydispersity index to increase with percent conversion (or molecular weight). We demonstrate that using controlled amounts of a specifically designed B(3) core, containing B-type functionality that are more reactive than those present in the AB(2) monomer, both the molecular weight and the polydispersity can be readily controlled; the PDI was shown to improve with increasing mole-fraction of the B(3) core while the polymer molecular weight showed an expected decrease. Incorporation of a ``clickable'' propargyl group in the B(3) core unit permitted the generation of a core-functionalizable hyperbranched polymer. Importantly, this clickable core, in combination with a recently developed AB(2) monomer, wherein the B-type groups are allyl ethers and A is an hydroxyl group, led to the generation of a hyperbranched polymer carrying orthogonally functionalizable core and peripheral groups, via a single-step melt polycondensation. Selective functionalization of the core and periphery using two different types of chromophores was achieved, and the occurrence of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the donor and acceptor chromophores was demonstrated.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2011 10:35
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2011 10:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42404

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