Bansal, Kushagra and Trinath, Jamma and Chakravortty, Dipshikha and Patil, Shripad A and Balaji, Kithiganahalli Narayanaswamy (2011) Pathogen-specific TLR2 Protein Activation Programs Macrophages to Induce Wnt-beta-Catenin Signaling. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286 (42). pp. 37032-37044.
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Innate immunity recognizes and resists various pathogens; however, the mechanisms regulating pathogen versus non-pathogen discrimination are still imprecisely understood. Here, we demonstrate that pathogen-specific activation of TLR2 upon infection with Mycobacterium bovis BCG, in comparison with other pathogenic microbes, including Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus, programs macrophages for robust up-regulation of signaling cohorts of Wnt-beta-catenin signaling. Signaling perturbations or genetic approaches suggest that infection-mediated stimulation of Wnt-beta-catenin is vital for activation of Notch1 signaling. Interestingly, inducible NOS (iNOS) activity is pivotal for TLR2-mediated activation of Wnt-beta-catenin signaling as iNOS(-/-) mice demonstrated compromised ability to trigger activation of Wnt-beta-catenin signaling as well as Notch1-mediated cellular responses. Intriguingly, TLR2-driven integration of iNOS/NO, Wnt-beta-catenin, and Notch1 signaling contributes to its capacity to regulate the battery of genes associated with T(Reg) cell lineage commitment. These findings reveal a role for differential stimulation of TLR2 in deciding the strength of Wnt-beta-catenin signaling, which together with signals from Notch1 contributes toward the modulation of a defined set of effector functions in macrophages and thus establishes a conceptual framework for the development of novel therapeutics.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology|
|Date Deposited:||28 Nov 2011 11:57|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2011 11:57|
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