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An entropy meter based on the thermoelectric potential of a nonisothermal solid electrolyte cell

Alcock, CB and Jacob, KT and Fitzner, K (1977) An entropy meter based on the thermoelectric potential of a nonisothermal solid electrolyte cell. In: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 9 (11). pp. 1011-1020.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(77)90177-X

Abstract

The theory, design, and performance of a solid electrolyte twin thermocell for the direct determination of the partial molar entropy of oxygen in a single-phase or multiphase mixture are described. The difference between the Seebeck coefficients of the concentric thermocells is directly related to the difference in the partial molar entropy of oxygen in the electrodes of each thermocell. The measured potentials are sensitive to small deviations from equilibrium at the electrodes. Small electric disturbances caused by simultaneous potential measurements or oxygen fluxes caused by large oxygen potential gradients between the electrodes also disturb the thermoelectric potential. An accuracy of ±0.5 calth K−1 mol−1 has been obtained by this method for the entropies of formation of NiO and NiAl2O4. This “entropy meter” may be used for the measurement of the entropies of formation of simple or complex oxides with significant residual contributions which cannot be detected by heat-capacity measurements.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2011 06:30
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2011 06:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42490

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