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Electrochemical determination of activities in Cr2O3 Al2O3 solid solutions

Jacob, KT (1978) Electrochemical determination of activities in Cr2O3 Al2O3 solid solutions. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 125 . pp. 175-179.

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Abstract

The activity of Cr20~ in Cr20~-A12Oa solid solution has been determined in the temperature range 800~176 from electromotive force measurements on the solid oxide galvanic cell Pt,Cr + Cr2OJY~O~-ThO2/Cr + Cr~A12-xO~,Pt The activities of Cr203 and A120~ in the solid solution show both positive and negative deviations from Raoult's law. The heat and entropy of mixing of the solid Solution obtained from the temperature dependence of the emf can be expressed as AH = XCr203XA1203 [31,700Xcrzo3 -}- 37,470XA1203] J mole -I hS = -- 1.8R [Xcr2o3 In Xcr2o3 + XA12o3 In XAaos]The entropy of mixing is 10% lower than that predicted by the Temkin model.The large positive heat of mixing in the Cr2Os-A12Oa solid solution, however, suggests that this apparent: entropy discrepancy originates with the clustering of positive ions on the cation sublattice. The asymmetric miscibility gap exhibited in the CrzOa-A12Oa system below 900~ is consistent with the thermodynamic data trends recorded at the more elevated temperatures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Electrochemical Society, Inc.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2011 07:47
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2011 07:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42496

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