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Mixed ionic and electronic conduction in zirconia and its applications in metallurgy

Iwase, M and Ichise, E and Jacob, KT (1984) Mixed ionic and electronic conduction in zirconia and its applications in metallurgy. In: Proc. Zirconia 83, Advances in Ceramics Series, 1984, pp. 646-659.

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Abstract

Mixed ionic and electronic conduction in Zr02-based solid electrolytes was studied.The effect of impurities and second-phase particles on the mixed conduction parameter, P,, was measured for different types of ZrOZ electrolytes. The performance of solid-state sensors incorporating ZrOZ electrolytes is sometimes limited by electronic conduction in ZrOZ, especially at temperatures >I800 K. Methods for eliminating or minimizing errors in measured emf due to electronically driven transport of oxygen anions are discussed. Examples include probes for monitoring oxygen content in liquid steel as well as the newly developed sulfur sensor based on a ZrOz(Ca0) + CaS electrolyte. The use of mixed conducting ZrOZ as a semipermeable membrane or chemically selective sieve for oxygen at high temperatures is discussed. Oxygen transport from liquid iron to CO + C& gas mixtures through a ZrOZ membrane driven by a chemical potential gradient, in the absence of electrical leads or imposed potentials, was experimentally observed.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2011 09:25
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2011 09:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42567

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