Jacob, KT (1987) Kinetics of Sulphation of Nickel and Cobalt Ferrites with Na$O, Melt Containing F'e3+ Ions. In: Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 40 (5). pp. 383-388.
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It has been experimentally established that nickel and cobalt can be extracted from their ferrites with sodium sulphate melt containing femc ions. The kinetics of extraction from synthetic ferrites using a melt of sodium and ferric sulphates of eutectic composition has been studied as a function of the particle size of the ferrite and temperature in the range 900 to 1073 K. The divalent ions in the ferrite exchange with the ferric ion in the melt, leaving a residue of hematite.The rate of reaction conforms to the Crank-Ginstling-Brounshtein diffusion model. The reaction rate is governed by the counter-diffusion of ~ e an~d ~+i ' +(or co2+) ions in the hematite lattice. Analytical expressions for the rate constants have been derived from the experimental data as a function of particle size and temperature. The activation energy for the extraction of nickel from nickel ferrite is 154(+10) kJ mol-' and the corresponding value for cobalt is 142(+10)kJ mol;'. In sulphation roasting of minerals containing nickel, the yield of nickel is generally limited to 75% due to the formation of insoluble ferrites. The use of melts based on sodium sulphate provides a possible route for enhancing the recovery of nickel to approximately 98%.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Institute of Metals.|
|Keywords:||Iron ore;Chemical reaction;Roasting;Ferrite;Temperature effect;Kinetics;Sodium sulfate;Free energy;Thermodynamic properties;Particle size analysis|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)|
|Date Deposited:||01 Mar 2012 07:01|
|Last Modified:||01 Mar 2012 07:01|
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