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Gibbs’ free energies of formation of Cu2Ln2O5 (Ln = Tb, Dy, Er, Yb) compounds

Jacob, KT and Hajra, JP and Mathews, T (1993) Gibbs’ free energies of formation of Cu2Ln2O5 (Ln = Tb, Dy, Er, Yb) compounds. In: High-temperature materials and processes, 12 (4). pp. 251-258.

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The standard Gibbs' free energies of formation of compounds of type Cu2L%05 (Ln = Tb,Dy,Er,Yb) were measured using the solid state cell in the temperature range of 970 to 1323 K For formation of Cu2L?O5 compounds from their binary component oxides according to the reaction 2 CUO (s) + L%03 (s) -, Cu,,L%05 (s),the Gibbs' free energy changes can be represented by the following equations:AGO = 13 080 - 13.70 'I" (+80) J mol-' (Ln = Tb)AGq = 11 480 - 13.51 T (260) J mol-I (Ln = Dy)AGO = 10 750 - 13.99 T (260) J mol-I (Ln = Er)AGO = 9 920 - 13.90 T (260) J mol-' (Ln = Yb) Since formation of the compounds is endothermic, the compounds become thermodynamically unstable with respect to their component oxides below 955 K for Cu2Tb205, 850 K for Cu2Dy205, 768 K for Cu2Er205 and 714 K for Cu2Yb2OS When the oxygen partial pressure over Cu2L%05 is lowered, they decompose according to the scheme, 2 CU,L%O, (s) -r 2 L%03 (s) +2 cu20 (s) + 02(g)The equilibrium chemical potentials of oxygen corresponding to the dissociation reactions are computed from the emf data and auxiliary information on Cu20 and CuO. The computed decomposition temperatures at an oxygen partial pressure of 5.0 x ld Pa are compared with those obtained directly from combined thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential thermal analyses (DTA).The free energy, enthalpy and entropy of formation of Cu2Ln205 compounds show systematic variation with the ionic radius of the trivalent lanthanide ion. The trends obtained in this study are compared with information available in the literature. The staZbility of Cu2Ln205 compounds increases with the decrease in ionic radii of the ~ n ion~. +

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG.
Keywords: Experimental study;Thermodynamic properties ;Gibbs free energy;Heat of formation;Inorganic compound;Ternary compound;Copper Oxides;Terbium Oxides;Dysprosium Oxides;Erbium Oxides;Ytterbium Oxides;Transition metal Compounds;Lanthanide Compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2012 06:37
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 06:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42684

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