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A simple numerical method for three-dimensional analysis of simple expansion chamber mufflers of rectangular as well as circular cross-section with a stationary medium

Munjal, ML (1987) A simple numerical method for three-dimensional analysis of simple expansion chamber mufflers of rectangular as well as circular cross-section with a stationary medium. In: Journal of Sound and Vibration, 116 (1). pp. 71-88.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-460X(87)81321-4

Abstract

Three-dimensional effects are a primary source of discrepancy between the measured values of automotive muffler performance and those predicted by the plane wave theory at higher frequencies. The basically exact method of (truncated) eigenfunction expansions for simple expansion chambers involves very complicated algebra, and the numerical finite element method requires large computation time and core storage. A simple numerical method is presented in this paper. It makes use of compatibility conditions for acoustic pressure and particle velocity at a number of equally spaced points in the planes of the junctions (or area discontinuities) to generate the required number of algebraic equations for evaluation of the relative amplitudes of the various modes (eigenfunctions), the total number of which is proportional to the area ratio. The method is demonstrated for evaluation of the four-pole parameters of rigid-walled, simple expansion chambers of rectangular as well as circular cross-section for the case of a stationary medium. Computed values of transmission loss are compared with those computed by means of the plane wave theory, in order to highlight the onset (cutting-on) of various higher order modes and the effect thereof on transmission loss of the muffler. These are also compared with predictions of the finite element methods (FEM) and the exact methods involving eigenfunction expansions, in order to demonstrate the accuracy of the simple method presented here.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2011 06:30
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2011 06:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42742

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