# Stereochemical Studies on Cyclic Peptides. IX. Conformational Studies on Cyclic Tetrapeptides Containing Alternating cis and trans Peptide Units

Manjula, G and Ramakrishnan, C (1979) Stereochemical Studies on Cyclic Peptides. IX. Conformational Studies on Cyclic Tetrapeptides Containing Alternating cis and trans Peptide Units. In: Biopolymers, 18 (3). pp. 591-607.

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Conformational analyses of cyclic tetrapeptides consisting of alternating cis and trans peptide units have been made using contact criteria and energy calculations. This study has been restricted to those structures having a symmetry element in the backbone ring, such as a twofold axis (d) or a center of inversion (i). There are five main results. (1) There are two distinct types of conformations, which are stereochemically favorable corresponding to each of twofold and inversion-symmetrical structures, designated as $d_1, d_2$ (for twofold symmetrical) and $i_1, i_2$ (for inversion-symmetrical). Among these, the $i_1$ type has the lowest energy when glycyl residues occur at all four \alpha -carbon atoms. (2) With the glycyl residue at all four \alpha -carbon atoms, methyl substitution at the cis peptide nitrogen atoms is possible in all the four types, whereas the substitution at trans peptide nitrogen atoms is possible only for the $i_1$ type. Thus only in the $i_1$ type can all the nitrogen atoms be methylated simultaneously. The conformation of the molecule in the crystal structure of cyclotetrasarcosyl belongs to the $i_1$ type. (3) When alanyl residues occur at all four \alpha -carbon atoms, the possible symmetrical type is dependent on the enantiomorphic form and the actual sequence of the alanyl residues. (4) The methyl substitution at peptide nitrogen atoms for cyclic tetrapeptides having alanyl residues causes more stereochemical restriction in the allowed conformations than with glycyl residues. (5) The prolyl residue can be incorporated favorably at the cis-trans junction of both d and i types of structures. The results of the present study are compared with the data on cyclic tetrapeptides available from the crystal structure and nmr studies. The results show an overall agreement both regarding the type of symmetry and the conformational parameters.