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Stress Evolution With Temperature in Titanium-Rich NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Films

Kumar, A and Sharma, SK and Kamat, SV and Mohan, S (2011) Stress Evolution With Temperature in Titanium-Rich NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Films. In: Strain, 47 (6). pp. 469-475.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-...

Abstract

The effect of deposition temperature on residual stress evolution with temperature in Ti-rich NiTi films deposited on silicon substrates was studied. Ti-rich NiTi films were deposited on 3? Si (100) substrates by DC magnetron sputtering at three deposition temperatures (300, 350 and 400 degrees C) with subsequent annealing in vacuum at their respective deposition temperatures for 4 h. The initial value of residual stress was found to be the highest for the film deposited and annealed at 400 degrees C and the lowest for the film deposited and annealed at 300 degrees C. All the three films were found to be amorphous in the as-deposited and annealed conditions. The nature of the stress response with temperature on heating in the first cycle (room temperature to 450 degrees C) was similar for all three films although the spike in tensile stress, which occurs at similar to 330 degrees C, was significantly higher in the film deposited and annealed at 300 degrees C. All the films were also found to undergo partial crystallisation on heating up to 450 degrees C and this resulted in decrease in the stress values around 5560 degrees C in the cooling cycle. The stress response with temperature in the second thermal cycle (room temperature to 450 degrees C and back), which is reflective of the intrinsic film behaviour, was found to be similar in all cases and the elastic modulus determined from the stress response was also more or less identical. The three deposition temperatures were also not found to have a significant effect on the transformation characteristics of these films such as transformation start and finish temperatures, recovery stress and hysteresis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons.
Keywords: annealing;laser scanning;NiTi thin films;residual stress;thermal cycling
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation and Applied Physics (Formally ISU)
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2012 12:33
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2012 12:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/42969

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