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Quaternary association in beta-prism I fold plant lectins: Insights from X-ray crystallography, modelling and molecular dynamics

Sharma, Alok and Vijayan, Mamannamana (2011) Quaternary association in beta-prism I fold plant lectins: Insights from X-ray crystallography, modelling and molecular dynamics. In: Journal of Biosciences, 36 (5). pp. 793-808.

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Abstract

Dimeric banana lectin and calsepa, tetrameric artocarpin and octameric heltuba are mannose-specific beta-prism I fold lectins of nearly the same tertiary structure. MD simulations on individual subunits and the oligomers provide insights into the changes in the structure brought about in the protomers on oligomerization, including swapping of the N-terminal stretch in one instance. The regions that undergo changes also tend to exhibit dynamic flexibility during MD simulations. The internal symmetries of individual oligomers are substantially retained during the calculations. Energy minimization and simulations were also carried out on models using all possible oligomers by employing the four different protomers. The unique dimerization pattern observed in calsepa could be traced to unique substitutions in a peptide stretch involved in dimerization. The impossibility of a specific mode of oligomerization involving a particular protomer is often expressed in terms of unacceptable steric contacts or dissociation of the oligomer during simulations. The calculations also led to a rationale for the observation of a heltuba tetramer in solution although the lectin exists as an octamer in the crystal, in addition to providing insights into relations among evolution, oligomerization and ligand binding.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Carbohydrate binding;MD simulation;molecular evolution; protein folding;protein-protein interaction;variability in quaternary structure
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2012 10:21
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2012 10:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43126

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