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Variation of the gas and radiation content in the sub-Keplerian accretion disk around black holes and its impact to the solutions

Mukhopadhyay, Banibrata and Dutta, Parikshit (2012) Variation of the gas and radiation content in the sub-Keplerian accretion disk around black holes and its impact to the solutions. In: New Astronomy, 17 (2). pp. 51-60.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.newast.2011.06.011

Abstract

We investigate the variation of the gas and the radiation pressure in accretion disks during the infall of matter to the black hole and its effect to the flow. While the flow far away from the black hole might be non-relativistic, in the vicinity of the black hole it is expected to be relativistic behaving more like radiation. Therefore, the ratio of gas pressure to total pressure (beta) and the underlying polytropic index (gamma) should not be constant throughout the flow. We obtain that accretion flows exhibit significant variation of beta and then gamma, which affects solutions described in the standard literature based on constant beta. Certain solutions for a particular set of initial parameters with a constant beta do not exist when the variation of beta is incorporated appropriately. We model the viscous sub-Keplerian accretion disk with a nonzero component of advection and pressure gradient around black holes by preserving the conservations of mass, momentum, energy, supplemented by the evolution of beta. By solving the set of five coupled differential equations, we obtain the thermo-hydrodynamical properties of the flow. We show that during infall, beta of the flow could vary up to similar to 300%, while gamma up to similar to 20%. This might have a significant impact to the disk solutions in explaining observed data, e.g. super-luminal jets from disks, luminosity, and then extracting fundamental properties from them. Hence any conclusion based on constant gamma and beta should be taken with caution and corrected. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science B.V.
Keywords: Accretion, accretion disk;Black hole physics;Equation of state;Gravitation;Hydrodynamics
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Astronomy and Astrophysics Programme
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2012 06:14
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2012 06:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43132

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