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Nanocrystalline TiO(2) preparation by microwave route and nature of anatase-rutile phase transition in nano TiO(2)

Neelgund, GM and Shivashankar, SA and Chethana, BK and Sahoo, PP and Rao, KJ (2011) Nanocrystalline TiO(2) preparation by microwave route and nature of anatase-rutile phase transition in nano TiO(2). In: Bulletin of Materials Science, 34 (6). pp. 1163-1171.

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Abstract

Nanopowders of TiO(2) has been prepared using a microwave irradiation-assisted route, starting from a metalorganic precursor, bis(ethyl-3-oxo-butanoato)oxotitanium (IV), [TiO(etob)(2)](2). Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was used as a capping agent. The as-prepared amorphous powders crystallize into anatase phase, when calcined. At higher calcination temperature, the rutile phase is observed to form in increasing quantities as the calcination temperature is raised. The structural and physicochemical properties were measured using XRD, FT-IR, SEM, TEM and thermal analyses. The mechanisms of formation of nano-TiO(2) from the metal-organic precursor and the irreversible phase transformation of nano TiO(2) from anatase to rutile structure at higher temperatures have been discussed. It is suggested that a unique step of initiation of transformation takes place in Ti(1/2)O layers in anatase which propagates. This mechanism rationalizes several key observations associated with the anatase rutile transformation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: TiO(2);microwave irradiation;anatase;rutile;metalorganic synthesis;PVP
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2012 08:42
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2012 08:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43213

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