Sivasankar, N and Vasudevan, S (2010) Alkylation of toluene by methanol over alkali exchanged zeolite-X: side chain versus ring alkylation. In: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, 90 (2). pp. 231-243.
Alkylation.pdf - Published Version
The ring versus side-chain alkylation of toluene with methanol over alkali-exchanged zeolite-X of differing basicity has been investigated by in situ infrared spectroscopy and TPD measurements. Over the basic Cs-exchanged zeolite the product of alkylation is styrene/ethylbenzene while over the acidic Li-exchanged zeolite ring alkylation occurs to give mainly xylene as the product. FTIR and TPD investigations reveal that, the key difference in the two types of alkylation processes lies in the state of the adsorbed methanol present at higher temperatures in the zeolite. In basic zeolites, methanol decomposes to formaldehyde and formates. The former is the key ‘side-chain’ alkylating species that leads to the formation of styrene. In the acidic zeolites it is shown that methanol bound to the acid sites plays an active role in the ‘ring alkylation’ of toluene to xylene.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to The Indian Institute of Science (IISc).|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry|
|Date Deposited:||09 Feb 2012 09:54|
|Last Modified:||09 Feb 2012 09:54|
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