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Carbohydrate-based liquid crystals

Singh, Madan Kumar and Jayaraman, N (2009) Carbohydrate-based liquid crystals. In: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, 89 (2).

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Abstract

The carbohydrate based mesogens have gained an importance in the field of liquid crystals, primarily through the amphiphilic nature of many sugar derivatives. A constitutional requirement for the amphiphilic mesogen is that the molecule consists of distinct regions within the molecule that separately would have different responses to changes in thermal energies and/or solvations. Such molecules can be synthesized by linking one or more alkyl chains of appropriate length to both cyclic and acyclic sugars. A driving force for the mesophase formation in these molecules is the phase segregation, leading to aggregates, possessing distinct lyophilic and hydrophilic regions. In this review, we discuss the thermotropic behavior of the carbohydrate amphiphiles. We discuss the relationship between constitutions, configurations, functionalities of the sugar component and the length of the hydrophobic chains necessary to form the various types of thermotropic phases. The influence of the linking group between the hydrophilic sugar head groups and lyophilic alkyl chains on the transition temperatures and mesophase stabilities are also presented.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 09:21
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2012 09:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43336

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