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Synthesis and characterization of self-assembled nanofiber-bundles of V(2)O(5): their electrochemical and field emission properties

Dewangan, Khemchand and Sinha, Nupur Nikkan and Chavan, Padmakar G and Sharma, Prashant K and Pandey, Avinash C and More, MA and Joag, DS and Munichandraiah, N and Gajbhiye, NS (2012) Synthesis and characterization of self-assembled nanofiber-bundles of V(2)O(5): their electrochemical and field emission properties. In: Nanoscale, 4 (2). pp. 645-651.

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Abstract

High-quality self-assembled V(2)O(5) nanofiber-bundles (NBs) are synthesized by a simple and direct hydrothermal method using a vanadium(V) hydroxylamido complex as a vanadium source in the presence of HNO(3). The possible reaction pathway for the formation of V(2)O(5) NBs is discussed and demonstrated that HNO(3) functions both as an oxidizing and as an acidification agent. V(2)O(5) NBs are single-crystals of an orthorhombic phase that have grown along the [010] direction. A bundle is made of indefinite numbers of homogeneous V(2)O(5) nanofibers where nanofibers have lengths up to several micrometres and widths ranging between 20 and 50 nm. As-prepared V(2)O(5) NBs display a high electrochemical performance in a non-aqueous electrolyte as a cathode material for lithium ion batteries. Field emission properties are also investigated which shows that a low turn-on field of similar to 1.84 V mu m(-1) is required to draw the emission current density of 10 mu Lambda cm(-2).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2012 12:07
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2012 08:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43384

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