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Testing concordance in species boundaries using acoustic, morphological, and molecular data in the field cricket genus Itaropsis (Orthoptera: Grylloidea, Gryllidae: Gryllinae)

Jaiswara, Ranjana and Balakrishnan, Rohini and Robillard, Tony and Rao, Karthik and Cruaud, Corinne and Desutter-Grandcolas, Laure (2012) Testing concordance in species boundaries using acoustic, morphological, and molecular data in the field cricket genus Itaropsis (Orthoptera: Grylloidea, Gryllidae: Gryllinae). In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2). pp. 285-303.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1096-...

Abstract

In most taxa, species boundaries are inferred based on differences in morphology or DNA sequences revealed by taxonomic or phylogenetic analyses. In crickets, acoustic mating signals or calling songs have species-specific structures and provide a third data set to infer species boundaries. We examined the concordance in species boundaries obtained using acoustic, morphological, and molecular data sets in the field cricket genus Itaropsis. This genus is currently described by only one valid species, Itaropsis tenella, with a broad distribution in western peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Calling songs of males sampled from four sites in peninsular India exhibited significant differences in a number of call features, suggesting the existence of multiple species. Cluster analysis of the acoustic data, molecular phylogenetic analyses, and phylogenetic analyses combining all data sets suggested the existence of three clades. Whatever the differences in calling signals, no full congruence was obtained between all the data sets, even though the resultant lineages were largely concordant with the acoustic clusters. The genus Itaropsis could thus be represented by three morphologically cryptic incipient species in peninsular India; their distributions are congruent with usual patterns of endemism in the Western Ghats, India. Song evolution is analysed through the divergence in syllable period, syllable and call duration, and dominant frequency.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: calling song;cluster analysis;cryptic species;distribution; India;phylogeny;song evolution
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2012 07:04
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2012 05:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43525

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