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Kinetics of carbon monoxide oxidation with Sn(0.95)M(0.05)O(2-delta) (M = Cu, Fe, Mn, Co) catalysts

Shinde, Vijay M and Madras, Giridhar (2012) Kinetics of carbon monoxide oxidation with Sn(0.95)M(0.05)O(2-delta) (M = Cu, Fe, Mn, Co) catalysts. In: Catalysis Science & Technology , 2 (2). pp. 437-446.

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Abstract

Base metal substituted Sn(0.95)M(0.05)O(2-delta) (M = Cu, Fe, Mn, Co) catalysts were synthesized by the solution combustion method and characterized by XRD, XPS, TEM and BET surface area analysis. The catalytic activities of these materials were investigated by performing CO oxidation. The rates and the apparent activation energies of the reaction for CO oxidation were determined for each catalyst. All the substituted catalysts showed high rates and lower activation energies for the oxidation of CO as compared to unsubstituted SnO(2). The rate was found to be much higher over copper substituted SnO(2) as compared to other studied catalysts. 100% CO conversion was obtained below 225 degrees C over this catalyst. A bifunctional reaction mechanism was developed that accounts for CO adsorption on base metal and support ions and O(2) dissociation on the oxide ion vacancy. The kinetic parameters were determined by fitting the model to the experimental data. The high rates of the CO oxidation reactions at low temperatures were rationalized by the high dissociative chemisorption of adsorbed O(2) over these catalysts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2012 11:45
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2012 11:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43536

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