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Model projections for household energy use in India

van Ruijven, Bas J and van Vuuren, Detlef P and de Vries, Bert JM and Isaac, Morna and van der Sluijs, Jeroen P and Lucas, Paul L and Balachandra, P (2011) Model projections for household energy use in India. In: Energy Policy, 39 (12). pp. 7747-7761.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.09.021

Abstract

Energy use in developing countries is heterogeneous across households. Present day global energy models are mostly too aggregate to account for this heterogeneity. Here, a bottom-up model for residential energy use that starts from key dynamic concepts on energy use in developing countries is presented and applied to India. Energy use and fuel choice is determined for five end-use functions (cooking, water heating, space heating, lighting and appliances) and for five different income quintiles in rural and urban areas. The paper specifically explores the consequences of different assumptions for income distribution and rural electrification on residential sector energy use and CO(2) emissions, finding that results are clearly sensitive to variations in these parameters. As a result of population and economic growth, total Indian residential energy use is expected to increase by around 65-75% in 2050 compared to 2005, but residential carbon emissions may increase by up to 9-10 times the 2005 level. While a more equal income distribution and rural electrification enhance the transition to commercial fuels and reduce poverty, there is a trade-off in terms of higher CO(2) emissions via increased electricity use. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Household energy consumption;Energy modelling;India
Department/Centre: Division of Information Sciences > Management Studies
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2012 11:43
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2012 11:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43538

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