Bhowmick, H and Majumdar, SK and Biswas, SK (2012) Dry tribology and nanomechanics of gaseous flame soot in comparison with carbon black and diesel soot. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 226 (C2). pp. 394-402.
Dry_tribology.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only
Download (780Kb) | Request a copy
Ethylene gas is burnt and the carbon soot particles are thermophoretically collected using a home-built equipment where the fuel air injection and intervention into the 7.5-cm long flame are controlled using three small pneumatic cylinders and computer-driven controllers. The physical and mechanical properties and tribological performance of the collected soot are compared with those of carbon black and diesel soot. The crystalline structures of the nanometric particles generated in the flame, as revealed by high-resolution transmission electron studies, are shown to vary from the flame root to the exhaust. As the particle journeys upwards the flame, through a purely amorphous coagulated phase at the burner nozzle, it leads to a well-defined crystalline phase shell in the mid-flame zone and to a disordered phase consisting of randomly distributed short-range crystalline order at the exhaust. In the mid-flame region, a large shell of radial-columnar order surrounds a dense amorphous core. The hardness and wear resistance as well as friction coefficient of the soot extracted from this zone are low. The mechanical properties characteristics of this zone may be attributed to microcrystalline slip. Moving towards the exhaust, the slip is inhibited and there is an increase in hardness and friction compared to those in the mid-flame zone. This study of the comparison of flame soot to carbon black and diesel soot is further extended to suggest a rationale based on additional physico-chemical study using micro-Raman spectroscopy.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Sage Publications Ltd.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||24 Feb 2012 11:54|
|Last Modified:||24 Feb 2012 11:54|
Actions (login required)