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Population, globalization and urbanization: Trends and underlying prosesses

Gadgil, M (1998) Population, globalization and urbanization: Trends and underlying prosesses. In: International Research Conference on the Brundtland Commissions Report-10 Years, OCT, 1997, Oslo, Norway.

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Abstract

Third World hinterlands provide most of the settings in which the quality of human life has improved the least over the decade since Our Common Future was published. This low quality of life promotes a desire for large number of offspring, fuelling population growth and an exodus to the urban centres of the Third World, Enhancing the quality of life of these people in ways compatible with the health of their environments is therefore the most significant of the challenges from the perspective of sustainable development. Human quality of life may be viewed in terms of access to goods, services and a satisfying social role. The ongoing processes of globalization are enhancing flows of goods worldwide, but these hardly reach the poor of Third World countrysides. But processes of globalization have also vastly improved everybody's access to Information, and there are excellent opportunities of putting this to good use to enhance the quality of life of the people of Third World countrysides through better access to education and health. More importantly, better access to information could promote a more satisfying social role through strengthening grass-roots involvement in development planning and management of natural resources. I illustrate these possibilities with the help of a series of concrete experiences form the south Indian state of Kerala. Such an effort does not call for large-scare material inputs, rather it calls for a culture of inform-and-share in place place of the prevalent culture of control-and-command. It calls for openness and transparency in transactions involving government agencies, NGOs, and national and transnational business enterprises. It calls for acceptance of accountability by such agencies.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Scandinavian University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2012 07:58
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2012 07:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43895

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