ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Surface chemical and adsorption studies using Thiobacillus ferrooxidans with reference to bacterial adhesion to sulfide minerals

Das, A and Rao, Hanumantha K and Sharma, P and Natarajan, KA and Forssberg, KSE (1999) Surface chemical and adsorption studies using Thiobacillus ferrooxidans with reference to bacterial adhesion to sulfide minerals. In: Biohydrometallurgy and the Environment Toward the Mining of the 21st Century - Proceedings of the International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, JUN 20-23, 1999, Madrid, Spain.

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1572-4409(99)80072-8

Abstract

Adhesion of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans to pyrite and chalcopyrite in relation to its importance in bioleaching and bioflotation has been studied. Electrokinetic studies as well as FT-IR spectra suggest that the surface chemistry of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans depends on bacterial growth conditions. Sulfur-,Pyrite- and chalcopyrite-grown Thiobacillus ferrooxidans were found to be relatively more hydrophobic. The altered surface chemistry of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was due to secretion of newer and specific proteinaceous compounds. The adsorption density corresponds to a monolayer coverage in a horizontal orientation of the cells. The xanthate flotation of pyrite in presence of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans is strongly depressed where as the cells have insignificant effect on chalcopyrite flotation. This study demonstrate that: (a)Thiobacillus ferrooxidans cells can be used for selective flotation of chalcopyrite from pyrite and importantly at natural pH values. (b)Sulfur-grown cells exhibits higher leaching kinetics than ferrous ion-grown cells.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2012 08:59
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2012 08:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/43907

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item