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High Rate Capability Lithium Iron Phosphate Wired by Carbon Nanotubes and Galvanostatic Transformed to Graphitic Carbon

Gnanavel, M and Patel, Manu UM and Sood, AK and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2012) High Rate Capability Lithium Iron Phosphate Wired by Carbon Nanotubes and Galvanostatic Transformed to Graphitic Carbon. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159 (4). A336-A341.

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Abstract

Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) electronically wired by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and in-situ transformed graphitic carbon for lithium-ion batteries are discussed here. Presence of MWCNTs up to a maximum of 0.5% in porous LiFePO4 (abbreviated as LFP-CNT) resulted in remarkable reversible cyclability and rate capability compared to LFP coated with highly disordered carbon (abbreviated as LFP-C). In the current range (30-1500) mAg(-1), specific capacity of LFP-CNT (approximate to 150-50 mAhg(-1)) is observed to be always higher compared to LFP-C (approximate to 120-0 mAhg(-1)). At higher currents of 250-1500 mAg(-1) LFP-C performed poorly compared to LFP-CNT. LFP-C showed considerable decay in capacity with increase in cycle number at intermediate high currents (approximate to 250 mAg(-1)) whereas at very high currents (approximate to 750 mAg(-1)) it is nearly zero. The LFP-CNT showed no such detrimental behavior in battery performance. The exemplary performance of the LFP-CNT is attributed to combination of both enhanced LFP structural stability, as revealed by Raman spectra and formation of an efficient percolative network of carbon nanotubes which during the course of galvanostatic cycling gets gradually transformed to graphitic carbon. (C) 2012 The Electrochemical Society. [DOI: 10.1149/2.015204jes] All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article is belongs to Electrochemical Society, Inc.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2012 11:06
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2012 11:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44029

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