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In-situ measurements of concentration and temperature during transient solidification of aqueous solution of ammonium chloride using laser interferometry

Vikas, D and Basu, S and Dutta, P (2012) In-situ measurements of concentration and temperature during transient solidification of aqueous solution of ammonium chloride using laser interferometry. In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55 (7-8). pp. 2022-2034.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.201...

Abstract

The variation in temperature and concentration plays a crucial role in predicting the final microstructure during solidification of a binary alloy. Most of the experimental techniques used to measure concentration and temperature are intrusive in nature and affect the flow field. In this paper, the main focus is laid on in-situ, non-intrusive, transient measurement of concentration and temperature during the solidification of a binary mixture of aqueous ammonium chloride solution (a metal-analog system) in a top cooled cavity using laser based Mach-Zehnder Interferometric technique. It was found from the interferogram, that the angular deviation of fringe pattern and the total number of fringes exhibit significant sensitivity to refractive index and hence are functions of the local temperature and concentration of the NH4Cl solution inside the cavity. Using the fringe characteristics, calibration curves were established for the range of temperature and concentration levels expected during the solidification process. In the actual solidification experiment, two hypoeutectic solutions (5% and 15% NH4Cl) were chosen. The calibration curves were used to determine the temperature and concentration of the solution inside the cavity during solidification of 5% and 15% NH4Cl solution at different instants of time. The measurement was carried out at a fixed point in the cavity, and the concentration variation with time was recorded as the solid-liquid interface approached the measurement point. The measurement exhibited distinct zones of concentration distribution caused by solute rejection and Rayleigh Benard convection. Further studies involving flow visualization with laser scattering confirmed the Rayleigh Benard convection. Computational modeling was also performed, which corroborated the experimental findings. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Laser interferrometry;Solidification of binary alloys; RAyleigh-benard convection;In-situ optical measurements; Two-phase;Flow in solidification
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2012 05:18
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2012 05:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44082

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