Vijayakumar, B and Mahadevaiah, N and Nagendrappa, Gopalpur and Prakash, Jai BS (2012) Esterification of stearic acid with p-cresol over modified Indian bentonite clay catalysts. In: Journal of Porous Materials, 19 (2). pp. 201-210.
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The esterification of stearic acid with p-cresol using modified Indian bentonite clay catalysts has been reported. The reaction was studied over exchanged clays, acid activated clays, exchanged acid activated clays, aluminium pillared clay, aluminium pillared acid activated clay, molecular sieve Al-MCM-41, zeolite H beta, ZrO2, S-ZrO2, p-TSA, montmorillonite K10, and montmorillonite KSF in o-xylene for 6 h. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction and surface area measurements. The acidity was determined by n-butylamine back-titration method and DRIFTS after pyridine adsorption. Acid activated Indian bentonite (AAIB) was found to be a better catalyst compared to other catalysts in the esterification of stearic acid with p-cresol.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.|
|Keywords:||Smectite;Esterification;Acid activated Indian bentonite; Acidity;Catalyst|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit|
|Date Deposited:||13 Apr 2012 09:13|
|Last Modified:||13 Apr 2012 09:13|
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