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Andaman Postseismic Deformation Observations: Still Slipping after All These Years?

Paul, J and Rajendran, CP and Lowry, AR and Andrade, V and Rajendran, K (2012) Andaman Postseismic Deformation Observations: Still Slipping after All These Years? In: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 102 (1). pp. 343-351.

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Abstract

More than six years after the great (M-w 9.2) Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, postevent processes responsible for relaxation of the coseismic stress change remain controversial. Modeling of Andaman Islands Global Positioning System (GPS) displacements indicated early near-field motions were dominated by slip down-dip of the rupture, but various researchers ascribe elements of relaxation to dominantly poroelastic, dominantly viscoelastic, and dominantly fault slip processes, depending primarily on their measurement sampling and modeling tools used. After subtracting a pre-2004 interseismic velocity, significant transient motion during the 2008.5-2010.5 epoch confirms that postseismic relaxation processes continue in Andaman. Modeling three-component velocities as viscoelastic flow yields a weighted root-mean-square (wrms) misfit that always exceeds the wrms of the measured signal (26.3 mm/yr). The best-fitting models are those that yield negligible deformation, indicating the model parameters have no real physical meaning. GPS velocities are well fit (wrms 4.0 mm/yr) by combining a viscoelastic flow model that best fits the horizontal velocities with similar to 50 cm/yr thrust slip down-dip of the coseismic rupture. Both deep slip and flow respond to stress changes, and each can significantly change stress in the realm of the other; it therefore is reasonable to expect that both transient deep slip and viscoelastic flow will influence surface deformation long after a great earthquake.

Item Type: Journal Article
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2012 09:44
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2012 12:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44175

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