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Photo, thermal, and ultrasonic degradation of EGDMA-crosslinked poly(acrylic acid-co-sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide) superabsorbents

Shukla, Neelesh Bharti and Madras, Giridhar (2012) Photo, thermal, and ultrasonic degradation of EGDMA-crosslinked poly(acrylic acid-co-sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide) superabsorbents. In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, 125 (1). pp. 630-639.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.36289

Abstract

Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) based on acrylic acid (AA), sodium acrylate (SA), and acrylamide (AM) were synthesized by inverse suspension polymerization using ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the crosslinking agent. The equilibrium swelling capacities and the rates of swelling of SAPs varied with the AM content and followed first-order kinetics. The photodegradation of SAPs in their equilibrium swollen state was carried out by monitoring their swelling capacity and the residual weight fraction. The SAPs degraded in two stages, wherein the swelling capacity increased to a maximum and then subsequently decreased. Thermogravimetric analysis of the SAPs indicated that the copolymeric superabsorbents had intermediate thermal stability between the homopolymeric superabsorbents. The activation energies of SAPs with 0, 20, and 100 mol % AM content were determined by Kissinger method and were found to be 299, 248, and 147 kJ mol-1, respectively. The ultrasonic degradation of the superabsorbents was carried out in their equilibrium swollen state, and the change in the viscosity with ultrasonication time was used to quantify the degradation. The ultrasonic degradation of AA/SA superabsorbent was also investigated at various ultrasound intensities. The degradation rate coefficients were found to increase with the intensity of ultrasound. The ultrasonic degradation of AA/SA/AM (20% AM) was also carried out, and degradation rate was found to be more than that of the AA/SA superabsorbent. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to WILEY-BLACKWELL
Keywords: acrylic acid;superabsorbent;hydrogel;degradation; photodegradation;ultrasound
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2012 07:21
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2012 07:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44426

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