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On the Presumed Kinetic Consequences of Pre-equilibrium. Implications for the Michaelis-Menten Equation

Chandrasekhar, S (2012) On the Presumed Kinetic Consequences of Pre-equilibrium. Implications for the Michaelis-Menten Equation. In: Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 86 (4). pp. 709-713.

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Abstract

The overall rate equation for a reaction sequence consisting of a pre-equilibrium and rate-determining steps should not be derived on the basis of the concentration of the intermediate product (X). This is apparently indicated by transition state theory (as the path followed to reach the highest energy transition state is irrelevant), but also proved by a straight-forward mathematical approach. The thesis is further supported by the equations of concurrent reactions as applied to the partitioning of X between the two competing routes (reversal of the pre-equilibrium and formation of product). The rate equation may only be derived rigorously on the basis of the law of mass action. It is proposed that the reactants acquire the overall activation energy prior to the pre-equilibrium, thus forming X in a high-energy state en route to the rate-determining transition state. (It is argued that conventional energy profile diagrams are misleading and need to be reinterpreted.) Also, these arguments invalidate the Michaelis-Menten equation of enzyme kinetics, and necessitate a fundamental revision of our present understanding of enzyme catalysis. (The observed ``saturation kinetics'' possibly arises from weak binding of a second molecule of substrate at the active site; analogous conclusions apply to reactions at surfaces).

Item Type: Editorials/Short Communications
Additional Information: Copyright of this article is belongs to International Academic Publishing Co (Nauka/Interperiodica),
Keywords: pre-equilibrium;Michaelis-Menten equation;kinetic consequences
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2012 07:30
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2012 07:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/44504

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